You have to be familiar with all materials when it comes to any kind of construction, and concrete is one of the most vital elements of most projects. You need it for almost everything such as foundation, pavement, and more. Many people have to hire foundation repair services at home when something happens as they don’t know anything about concrete. Luckily, we have gathered some great facts, so you won’t be caught off-guard the next time that happens. Read on to find out more!
It’s Not the Same as Cement
You might think that cement and concrete are the same because they look rather similar. But the truth is that cement only constitutes about 10 to 15% of concrete. The rest is made up of gravel, sand, or water. Cement itself is mostly just limestone.
Portland Cement Was Named After Limestone
It was created by Joseph Aspdin in 1824, and it’s the most common material used to add to concrete in modern society. At the time, limestone was a sought-after material, and Aspdin combined it with clay to create a render that could look similar. He later discovered that it was amazing for building and filed for a patent.
Concrete Is the Most Popular Material
This might not come as a surprise, but concrete is the most common material used for construction around the world. The reason might be that water and aggregates are found almost everywhere in the world, whereas other materials such as certain woods are scarcer. Interestingly, more than 20 billion tons of concrete are used every year, and China is one of its main consumers. They have amazing foundation repair services working around the clock.
It Was Improved by the Ancient Romans
Most people think it was created in modern times because of our buildings, but concrete was actually perfected by the Ancient Romans, and even the Ancient Egyptians used concrete for the pyramids.
The Pantheon in Rome, which was erected in 120 AD, is the biggest concrete structure in the world. Additionally, the Romans also named it. Concrete comes from the Latin word “concretus,” which means “to grow together.”
It Becomes Stronger With Time
Unlike most other materials, concrete actually strengthens over time. It will reach 90% strength after setting it, but it continues to grow stronger for the following decades, as calcium hydroxide turns into calcium carbonate. However, according to This Old House, concrete has to cure slowly to achieve its optimal strength, which is normally 3,000 psi.
You won’t feel like such a noob at construction now that you know these facts about concrete. But it still takes years to master it completely. If you’re having foundation issues within your home or business, contact us today for assistance!